Legal disclaimer: The text placed on this educational web site only represents the private opinion, fantastic imaginations and subjective feelings of an individual. The author disclaims any responsibility for the damage caused to anyone by the use of and/or manipulation with this text and he does not warrant the correctness, trueness, completeness, safety or usefulness of any information stated in it.
Apology: The videos placed on this web site are "unlisted", which means that they do not appear in Youtube search results. The author of this web site apologies to the creators of TV Series "Arabela", "Highlander", "Kung Fu", "Navstevnici" and "Star Trek: Voyager", to the creators of movies "Wyvern", "Москва 2017", "Легенда острова ДВИД", "Dracula" 1931, "Кащей бессмертный", "Связь времён", "The Darkest Hour", "Killer Mountain", "Age of the Dragons", "Dragon Eyes", "Убить дракона", "Carny", "Волкодав", "Desert Heat", "Sex and Zen", "Sex and Lucia", "The Last of the Mohicans", "Born to Raise Hell", "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde", "Maximum Risk", "The Expendables", "Hard Target", "In Hell", "KickBoxer", "Legionnaire", "Lionheart", "Nowhere To Run", "Timecop", "Universal soldier: The Return", "Alien", "Prometheus", "Dark Star", "Outlander", "Predator", "Отель для Золушки", "Wrath of the Titans" and "Skyfall", to singers Юле Савичеве, Roman Horky, Ilona Csakova, Michal Tucny and Daniel Landa, and to actor Jean-Claude Van Damme for the use of their work in the video posted on this web site and/or for talking about them in a negative context.
Above all, the following lines are for those who have read a collection of articles entitled "Pekelni lide" (which means Hellish people) also known as "Secret Signs in Movies".
Generally, "reminder of Hell" is anything what reminds Hell. In fact, it is many things and circumstances, but I am not going to list them all here. Nonetheless, I have tried to set up some definition of "reminder of Hell" in movies that I however did not manage to do well yet:
"Reminders of Hell" can be divided into three main groups:
1. Those that remind Hell without emphasis on (and looks toward) directions downwards (and upwards), which usually means several Hellish circumstances at once.
2. Those that remind Hell by emphasis on "direction downwards" (which is a direction toward it) and that are completed by some Hellish circumstance(s).
3. Those that remind Hell by emphasis both on direction downwards and upwards. It usually deals with looks toward the both directions (and possibly also with a pointing to these directions). At least one of those looks is aslant and often they are completed also by looks to the sides. Often component is a raised finger(s) or hand and, of course, necessarily there are some Hellish circumstance(s), too.
This group of reminders reminds not only Hell (= down), but also Heaven (= up), whereas the "raised component" perhaps indicates things like "one law", "victory", "number one", "all for one", "to get to the top" and similarly. It all together means the dominion of Hellish people over the normal, but probably also that that out of Hellish and Heavenly beings, the Hellish want to be the dominating (for example, these reminders we can find in "To Be" of "Highlander" or "Endgame" of "Star Trek: Voyager").
However, the "reminder of Hell" must be easily distinguishable from all the other what occurs in (the given scene of) the story. Only then we can recognize the reminder among the rest of what we see in the movie. And one more thing. Sometimes already the story of the movie itself can function like a "Hellish indication" that reminds Hellish people of their nature and their Hell. Above all, it deals with two parallel worlds (either by space or by time), with the combination of humanity and bestiality (for instance vampire, werewolf, terminator), with the combination of humanity and superhumanity (for instance demigod), with heroes having several versions (for instance dual role) and similarly.
Oh, I have almost forgot to say, that under the term of "Hellish circumstance" I have in mind things like fire, emphasized eye(s), flashes (of lightning), Hellish word, red color, Hellish combination of colors, Hellish animal (dragon, snake, raven, black cat or "something horned") and similarly (maybe also raised finger belongs among Hellish circumstances in a way, similarly like negatived, dark, quickly-moving, flicking or blurred figures).
(Because I have only seen not much of it, I have an unanswered question, if it is possible to separately remind the "one law, oneness & victory" of Hellish people, or not.
For example, in the first song of "MTV Beach Party's 10" "Юля Савичева - Москва - Владивосток" is present emphasis on eyes and then hand [and a microphone] upwards [but one look at them is from below from the water and then the female singer in black clothes closes her eyes and maybe somewhat bends her head down during it; by the way, in this clip there is also emphasis on mouth]. Or in movie "Wyvern" [00:23:50] is present Hellish word with a finger and looks upwards [on the other hand a longer moment before it is seen a bloody hand on the ground and similarly].
If yes, it would be a 4. group of "reminders of Hell" [although it rather reminds Hellish people than directly their Hell], but perhaps there is [at least without the least accompaniment of "emphasis on the direction downwards"] nothing like that [and the mentioned examples come under the group 3].)
Examples of Reminder of Hell in movies
Here is a sample from a fairy-tale TV Series "Arabela": Looks downwards (at the courtiers) and aslant upwards (at the building behind), looks sideways (at one another) and looks of the courtiers upwards (besides, the queen also cursorily points with fingers upwards and the main courtier has red clothes). The scene is set in the beginning of the last series and during it the boy says: "To je Peklo." (= it is Hell). Hopefully, no need to say that he is right.
Well, here is a sample from TV Series "Highlander", episodes "To Be" and "Not To Be". In the show from "To Be" we see flashes of lightning, one closed eye, looks downwards and upwards (as Duncan lies on his back), look downwards, raised finger with look upwards, then looks (straightly and aslant) upwards. Then there is a talk with one eye in the darkness and in the end there are looks toward the Hell with raised eyebrows to emphasize them. It all looks not only like "reminder of Hell", but perhaps also like the reminder of one law and victory of the Hellish kind.
In the show from "Not To Be" we see "finger upwards" again and then the actor says: "My God that would be Hell!" and he will look aslant downwards to the right and straightly upwards.
Now sample from "Москва 2017". Fire, smoke, looks downwards and sentence meaning "You have changed my life into Hell". Then looks downwards again and in the end looks downwards and upwards.
Let us see the following shows from TV Series "Kung Fu", episode "The Cenotaph". Sample 1: Dragon, old woman looks to the ground and even knocks by the stick on it. Then she falls down and the soldiers bend down to her. Sample 2: The man says "I challenge Heaven and Hell!" and then we see looks downwards and upwards. In the end there are two pictures: The hero pictured as if he was two times and his beloved master who was blind.
Here is "Легенда острова ДВИД". And what we see? Projection in a mirror in order to be "two times", emphasis on eyes (by the glasses above the man's eyes and by the closing of the boy's eyes when he cries), finger pointing toward the Hell and fingers from one to three and back to the one: "Закон для всех один." (= law is one for all). But should I add what law is it that the man in fact speaks about?
Now a very old material: samples from two movies, which are original "Dracula" 1931 (a look down of a girl in glasses sitting opposite the main actor and reading a book, a look of the main actor to the right and then straightly, widened eyes and an emphasis on them by a hand covering a lower part of face, extreme look upwards and the closing of eyes with the bend of the head down; there are heard Hellish words "the night of evil" and "nosferatu") and "Кащей бессмертный" 1944 (in the first scene there is a look to the right, then upwards to the statue that has an eye emphasized by a tear and then a look downwards, whereas smoke is all around; the scene was preceded by a looking down at a dying man, threes bent downwards and getting to that place the hero was descending down from a hill; in the second scene there are looks downwards and upwards, whereas a smoke is all around, then follows a look to the right, then downwards at a Hellish spectacle and in the end there is not only a combination of flames with emphasis on the eyes.
There are three more samples and that from movies "Связь времён" (the eye of an elephant, then looks downwards and in the end looks aslant upwards, whilst the things in man's hands and elephant's proboscis emphasize "the direction of downwards", and we also see a close-to-red color), "The Darkest Hour" ("eye herald" with word "bullshit", looks mainly downwards, completed by looks to the side, by looks and pointing with fingers aslant upwards, by flashes, raised finger and raised eyebrow, and in the end there is a moon on the night sky and a piece of red) and "Killer Mountain" (looks mainly upwards and downwards, completed by looks to the side and upwards, then appears a monster and flashes).
And here are five more samples, originating from movies "Age of the Dragons" (looks downwards, to the sides and aslant upwards, and then there is a dragon), "Dragon Eyes" (a look downwards with Hellish words "dragon eyes", then follows a look upwards, then a look downwards, and in the end a look to the side and then downwards), "Убить дракона" (looks downwards, upwards and downwards and to the side, whereas flame is seen two times [candle in the hand and a fire in the fireplace] and two times emphasized eyes [one time by glasses bellow them and other time by the cover of a lower part of face including nose] and the talk is about the dragon), "Wyvern" (looks mainly downwards [during a moment also to the sides when drinking from the can], one finger and then a look upwards at the dragon) and "Carny" (looks aslant downwards, flashes [with dragon] and a lifting of sight in an upward direction).
In conclusion of TV Series "Navstevnici" there is a repeated "reminder of Hell". Firstly a horned creature, pointing a finger downwards, a piece of red color, looks downwards, shades of blue with white and red complement (having close to Hell), smoke and the horned creature again. The car falls into the ground and under it there are "Hellish colors" again and in the end there is a "reminder of Hell" in a printing office, starting by a knee bend (also putting the glasses off and the expression of wonder in eyes), and continuing by looks to the side and upwards and downwards including an extreme look and raising of fingers upwards.
You know what? One more reminder one more time and this one originates from the beginning of movie "Волкодав".
Every "reminder of Hell" has a different appearance like particular countries. And when looking at them, would you get an idea that they have the same ruler and that it is a "dragon"?
Here is a sample from "Desert Heat". Looks downwards and to the right, one eye of the coyote, look downwards, red color, fire and look downwards again. I think that there was only heard word "help" and not straightly "Hell" :-)
I myself do not know what attitude I should have toward the following video, which is a sample from movie "Sex and Zen". Normally, the Chinese bow down to each other, but we see a bow that is "too downwards" (shortly before there were closed eyes), after it there is an emphasized eye, then looks downwards (including the servants looking at the floor), one raised (leg) finger and after it two (hand) fingers (their nails are painted with blue and red color). In the end there is the head of a servant on the table. It is good to mention that that beautiful young woman is a woman and a man (as if it was two) in one.
It all (looks downwards + eyes + fingers) remind the Hell. But my question is this one: Is this "reminder of Hell" in a movie that is Hellish? By other words: Does this movie have a Hellish subtext? It is about sex and fornication in their repulsive form. And these things probably use to be the product of Hell.
- video is not available -
On this example we can firstly see blue color with white complement. Then we notice singer's raised finger and his look upwards, after it a look upwards of the female violinist and little later also her looks downwards and in the end the singer is displayed two times at the same time. By the way, several times he looks also downwards and aslant upwards to the right (and to the sides). I add that the singer's name was "Tucny" which means "fatty" (the song was named "Bajecna zenska"), but he had also looked like one. If such people get to a "blaze of glory", it gives impression of freedom, that every man has the chance for the biggest success. But it is not so, because in the first place in the future most successful man there is supposed to be a Hellish humanoid soul instead of a normal human one.
- video is not available -
The following sample is from "Sex and Lucia". The man makes a raspy sound, the girl looks downwards, then we see a little pit in the sand, and, finally, there are fingers "pointing down".
This show is especially interesting. It deals with video by "Roman Horky from band Kamelot & Ilona Csakova" which name is "Slib" (= promise). You will see a dragon, the male singer with flames, flashes, a showing downwards by a thin stick, looks downwards toward the Hell and a digging up a hole in the ground (in addition there is a picture of a blindfold from "Slib, making of"). Would you believe that the inner meaning of this video can be "the promise of faithfulness to Hell"? By the way, this band has an album with the picture of fire and song named "Dabel" (= Devil), and album with the picture of black bird and song named "Lucifer". Otherwise, I have always liked the songs of this band and some of them are beautiful, but the "content" of them all is founding itself only in the frames of what is "allowed to sing about" (wait, on the top of that I forgot to mention a look down with a small beetle climbing the fingers and having a close-to-red color on itself, after which there are looks upwards, even with raised fingers; and, by the way, song "Zachrante kone" from the band's first album of the same name starts with word "Peklo" [= Hell]).
- video is not available -
The following scene from the beginning of movie "The Last of the Mohicans" shows a stag hunting. Normally, during such a hunting the hunter that points his gun at the stag has one eye closed and the shot stag falls to the ground. But in this case is possible to see a fire and smoke and after them there is a "Hellish blue", and the stag falls down from a little hill with his horns pointing down and then there are looks downwards (and a look aslant upwards, too).
How it is known, Hellish people have "two faces" (their soul in human body looks like "a figure within a figure") and in a sort of way the reminder of them reminds the Hell, too. Let us see these "faces" in samples from four movies. Of course, all these samples contain looks downwards toward the Hell. The first movie is "Born to Raise Hell". Shortly before the scene we could see somewhat raised policeman's eyebrows and in the movie American policeman co-operates with a Russian gangster. The second movie is "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" and before this scene there was word "monster". The third one is "Maximum Risk", where the scene is completed by red color of blood and emphasis on eyes. And the last sample, from the fourth movie that is "Replicant", is completed by fire and red color.
- video is not available -
Additional questionable information
In some movies we can see not only one "reminder of Hell" and/or some other graphical elements reminding the hidden essence of Hellish people, but even several at once. Perhaps it is valid mainly for movies, which story is about evil things.
As an example I will use "The Expendables" starting with a "Hellish" combination of colors: (00:41:55) above all, the word "Hell" and "cut in the eye" (somewhat later also attack downwards); (00:51:25) actor displayed in a mirror and he looks downwards, there is seen smoke, there are heard Hellish words ("a very black place", "goddamn Dracula", "looking in eyes"), there are seen tears in eyes and in the end he covers his face with his hand; (00:56:00) hairs over eyes, hand and bottle downwards, looks downwards and upwards, pointing upwards, covered face, water downwards, water upwards, picture of a woman with "bloody eye" and a look downwards, then movements of fingers on the picture emphasizing the meaning of the finger and eye; (01:27:35) man in fire, one eye, a slow look and strike aslant downwards, and a look downwards behind flames.
Please pay your attention to movies with Jean-Claude Van Damme. In one of the above-mentioned examples we have reminded ourselves of so-called "two faces" of Hellish people. They can also be seen in movie "In Hell" when the actor lies on the ground during a fight with a fellow prisoner and suddenly they are pictured as "figure in a figure".
Well, let us list some other movies with this actor and supposed "Hellish scenes" occurring in them:
"Hard Target" (00:15:09) red clothes, look and hands downwards, flame of a candle, closed eyes and smoke; (01:02:00) talking about eyes, emphasis on eyes, snake, looks downwards with raised eyebrows, red clothes, a wink, then the snake again (attacking from above downwards), looks downwards and upwards and red color of blood (on the face of the bitten man).
"In Hell" (00:53:57) "two faces" of Hellish people - "figure in a figure"; (01:01:43) during next several minutes young man looks downwards several times and when he is "lifted up" and kept by a prison officer there are looks downwards and upwards and a raised finger of the prison officer as he touches that young man's lips and then there is one more look downwards; (01:17:25) candles, looks downwards, looks upwards with flashes of lighting and after it looks downwards and upwards. Shortly Hell.
"KickBoxer" (00:38:37) raised finger, looks downwards and upwards and a flying bird of prey; (01:27:51) statue of snake, red color of blood and looks downwards and upwards; (01:32:10) falling downwards, statue of snake, looks downwards, blood and fire present, too.
"Legionnaire" (01:25:50) one eye and flame (patron upwards instead of raised finger), then a hole in the earth and hands downwards into it, and in the end a walking actor and fire and smoke around him.
"Lionheart" (00:01:50) a knee bend, looks downwards and upwards (and to the sides), a spit and pouring of gasoline downwards, a burning match in the hand and a man in fire; (00:44:30) one eye closed, raised eyebrows, eyes covered by the hand, a big forward bend toward the car, closed eyes and head downwards, raised finger and looks upwards (also look to the side); (01:28:20) in the fight there are repeated very striking looks downwards while the actor "crawls on all four", in the course of which the eyes are looking downwards and upwards, in the end the scene is finished by looks downwards and upwards and red color; (01:40:31) gauze near eyes, closing of eyes as the actor embraces a little girl, a look aslant upwards at a black person, and the closing of eyes with head somewhat bended forward. This last scene as such a little thing, that perhaps it does not straightly belong among "reminders of Hell". On the other hand, the movie is ended by it and therefore it can have a kind of such a meaning.
"Nowhere to Run" (00:30:35) one eye of the hero, looks downwards and upwards, woman picks up something from the ground and then the hero is seen two times as he is displayed in a mirror; (00:39:05) closed eyes and then looks downwards and upwards, walking down the hill, flames, looks downwards and upwards (with pointing downwards and upwards), and a man on the ground with his face to the ground; And there are two other small "reminders": (00:48:00) an eye blink, soon after it there is a look straightly downwards, a look aslant downwards and a hand downwards, while for a very short moment there is seen a bluish-white color; (01:14:15) eyes in glasses from a close distance, and then a boy "knocks the table" and everybody looks downwards, which in given case can be a sort of a small "herald" of the movie's violent climax.
"Timecop": The entire movie is one big "Hellish indication". The hero is "doubled", since he exists in two different worlds, parallel to each other by time.
"Universal Soldier: The Return" (00:50:20) the scene begins when the hero shows one finger with raised eyebrows in a car, in the restaurant he points his finger toward the waiter, the waiter gives a blink and points his finger toward the hero's friend, then hero goes up the stairs and shows one finger, he knocks someone down with his head, puts his hand on his forehead and then in the room he raises his finger again (the inner meaning of this scene is the emphasis on one finger); (01:15:40) extremely big fire, knee bend, closed eyes and smoke. It is the very end of the movie.
Now I have to say that in movies with Jean-Claude Van Damme there are several "Hellish indications" seen repeatedly. For example, "two faces" of Hellish people as "figure in a figure", actor in a double role or one blind eye like a "herald of reminder of Hell" in given movie (in "Death Warrant" on the "reception" in jail there is a talk about the blind eye of an old man and in the end in the same jail there is "reminder of Hell"; in "Legionnaire" on the "reception" of Foreign Legion there is also a man with a blind eye and in the end in Foreign Legion there is "reminder of Hell"). Of course, I do not know all the movies with this actor and therefore not all of my conclusions are correct.
I only know few comedies, but it seems to me that the "reminder of Hell" in them is mostly incomplete or smaller. For example, the scene with a shattered bottle of wine on the bus roof in the beginning of movie "Snezenky a machri" (the bottle is also turned over by its bottom pointing upwards and before it there are looks and red color downwards), or talking about a viper (and its hunting) in a comedy "Na samote u lesa" (where is said its name but it itself is not straightly seen there), or lots of antlers and then the fall of a mounted bear with bared teeth down on a young woman in a comedy "Posledni lec Alfonse Karaska". But the insufficient number of comedies I know makes it impossible for me to make the correct conclusion.
A question for you: Is there any connection between "Alien" and "Avatar"?
As it was written, "Avatar" joins two minds: that of human being and that of demonical humanoid creature, which expresses the body of mind of Hellish people. Such a person looks like a human being, but it has both his conscience and the conscience of the demonical humanoid creature at the same time. After death the entire conscience goes over to the demonical creature that is in fact that person's soul hidden in the human body (the "figure [with]in a figure").
And as for "Alien" (who reminds a dragon a bit), we have him, figuratively speaking, linked with Hell, since before we see "deadly eggs" ("Alien" - 00:31:35) the astronaut is looking down (with a piece of red in his helm) and we can see a pit, through which he later descends into the room with the eggs, covered by blue-white light (having a piece of green color in the transition between the two). I will still mention two heralds, the first is an eye one (01:07:20) before the first encounter with the "Alien" and the second one is a climbing the ladder down with a fire and look downwards (01:14:40).
Just like the "Avatar" also the "Alien" reminds Hellish people. He comes into the world from the body of women as well as Hellish humanoid souls. Please pay your attention to two movies related to this intruder.
The first is "Alien: Resurrection" that has an "Alien & human mix" and a robot as the main heroes. In the end they come to Earth and the half-human hero says the following sentence that represents the last words that have sounded in the movie: "I am a stranger here myself." Yes, correct. The Earth is not the main home of Hellish people, more precisely of their demonical humanoid souls. The second movie is "Prometheus", in which the heroes wake up a sleeping giant humanoid being that (similarly like "Dr. Shaw") repeatedly bends and looks down toward the Hell that he gives the people within the next moments. It is said that this giant humanoid being is "a superior species, no doubt". However, in the end of the movie the "Alien" gets out of his body as well as the souls of Hellish people were perhaps born to the female human(oid)s of the ancient (super)human civilizations that they have firstly developed, but later probably also spoilt and/or brought to ruins somehow.
In different movies and videos that were not mentioned above there are another "reminders of Hell" and I will mention some of them here:
"Dark Star" (00:18:35) knife up, knife down, smoke together with special glasses from which eyes "fall down", and looks downwards.
"Outlander" (00:01:10) look upwards and Heaven of flame, horned creature, its eye from a close distance and flames in it.
"Predator" (00:04:05) red clothes, looks and pointing downwards, red color down, eye blink and smoke; (00:20:20) fingers up and looks aslant upwards, creeping downwards, looking with binoculars, and a hostage (with red blood on himself) bended over who falls down by his face turned to the ground after he was shot (00:32:05) look to the side and looks upwards, scorpion, knife down, up and down, and leg down; (01:39:20) word "Hell", looks downwards and upwards, red color, demonical creature and fire.
"Отель для Золушки" (00:02:20) a working young woman, tools, a violet small cloth and looks downwards (she is also seen two times), then a look and finger upwards and the tusks of a boar that is "looking" downwards.
"Star Trek: Voyager" - "Year of Hell" (00:03:40) "reminder of Hell" in the scene, in which the captain says: "How the Hell does it work?"; (00:10:00) the word "Hell" again and then looks downwards, a forward bend and a fiery missile downwards. By the way, in the TV Series there are seen many species that strongly remind Hellish humanoid creatures. Perhaps it is the dream of Hellish people to occupy & rule every possible civilization in the universe. No wonder that they call themselves "The Princes of the Universe". Fortunately, this dream of theirs won’t come true.
Please learn and look at the Borg: "One eye", the combination of human being and robot. They symbolize Hellish people, too. Watch "Scorpion 1 & 2" where the Borg, after they have gained what they needed, unexpectedly broken the alliance with people and so betrayed those who have helped them so much. There is a wise lesson in the TV Series about a scorpion and its internal meaning is much the same as that of song "Змея" by Руслан Набиев. For a change, in our country we use to say: "Cin certu dobre, Peklem se ti odmeni." (= do the Devil good and he will reward you with Hell).
This TV Series ends by Season 7 and episode "Endgame", in which the Borg occur, too. Apart from several "reminders of Hell" you will see the crew members of the spaceship exist in two worlds parallel to each other by time and the future version of the captain will meet her previous one, so she is two times.
"Skyfall" (00:00:35) blurred figure in gloom, emphasized eyes and then the blood of corpses on the ground; (00:12:45) waterfall downwards and downwards into a deep water, fall downwards through the hole in bed, piece of red, guns pointing upwards and knives pointing downwards at a graveyard, red color, horny creature, eyes, several dark shadows, red and grey, flames and dragons, down into the grave and hero having many copies, red color and eyes again; (01:03:40) a fall down, sculptures of beasts, flames, being thrown on the ground and Dragon of Comodo.
"Quantum Tarantuli" (which means "Quantum of Tarantulas", singer Daniel Landa): a forward bend, face and bottles downwards, a look to the side, plates and man downwards, food of a close-to-red color, a look aslant upwards, one finger, hand upwards, "one eye" and twirling raised fingers. The text of this song includes words "krkavci" (= ravens), "hadi" (= snakes) and "Cerny Petr" (= Black Peter). By the way, this singer has also made a song "Zlaty drak" which means "Golden dragon".
"Mam rada" (Holki): Apart from the "running down and up" (00:55) Looks "downwards and upwards" with emphasis on a leg pointing down and with a piece of red color on the female singer's head; (02:35) "Melting" (it indicates "a figure within figure") with a piece of red and subsequent looks downwards.
In conclusion, I only know a low number of movies and therefore I do not know in which other the "reminder of Hell" occurs. And it is possible that it deals with a regularly-used thing. Some scenes can remind the Hell coincidentally, but others are a deliberate signature of Hellish people who have created the movies.
(In a lot of "Hellish scenes" we can see "emphasized eyes". But why is it so?
You should know that when Hellish people see emphasized eyes, it has a different meaning for them than for us. They have a different soul that is connected to the body and eyes in a different manner than that of ours. Besides, Hellish people are able to release negative energy by the look of their eyes. Therefore the sight of emphasized eyes makes Hellish people remember their different demonical humanoid soul and their ability to release negative energy by means of their eyes.)